Isaac Luginaah

Professor
Canada Research Chair

Ledgley

Contact Information

Office: Room 1409, SSC
Tel: 519 661-2111, 86944
Fax: 519 661-3750
E-mail: iluginaa@uwo.ca
Personal Web Page

Research Areas

Environment and health, air pollution, GIS and health, HIV/AIDS


Research Interests

My broad area of research interest includes environment and health, population health and GIS applications in health. My work involves an integrative understanding of the broad determinants of the population health and the evidence of environment and health linkages. I am specifically interested in the human health impacts of environmental exposure and recent work in this area involves examining the links between ambient air quality and health in Southwestern Ontario. I am also involved in HIV/AIDS research in Africa, specifically Kenya, Ghana and Nigeria.

Publications & Supervised Graduate Students and Theses Titles

Refereed Journals

Mkandawire, P., Dixon, J., Luginaah, I., Armah, F. and Arku, G. (2014) 'At risk by fact of birth': Perceptions and concerns about medical male circumcision for HIV prevention in Northern Malawi. Health, Risk & Society, 16(4): 295-307.

Armah, F. A., Quansah, R. and Luginaah, I. (2014) A Systematic Review of Heavy Metals of Anthropogenic Origin in Environmental Media and Biota in the Context of Gold Mining in Ghana. International Scholarly Research Notices, 2014: 37

Dixon, J., Luginaah, I., and Mkandawire, P. (2014) The National Health Insurance Scheme in Ghana's Upper West Region: A Gendered Perspective of Insurance Acquisition in a Resource-Poor Setting. Social Science & Medicine, 122: 103-112.

Boateng, G. O., Kuuire, V. Z., Ung, M., Amoyaw, J. A., Armah, F. A. and Luginaah, I. (2014) Women's Empowerment in the Context of Millennium Development Goal 3: A Case Study of Married Women in Ghana. Social Indicators Research, 115(1): 137-158.

Ung, M. Boateng, G. O., Armah, F. A., Amoyaw, J. A., Luginaah, I. and Kuuire, V. (2014) Negotiation for safer sex among married women in Cambodia: The role of women's autonomy. Journal of Biosocial Science, 46(1): 90-106.

Armah, F. A., Luginaah, I., Yengoh. G. T., Taabazuing, J. and Yawson, D. O. (2014) Managing Conflicts in Natural Resources Management in Ghana: Unmasking a Messy Policy Problem. Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, 57(11) 1724-1745.

Mkandawire, P., Luginaah, I. and Baxter, J. (2014) Growing up alone: Vulnerability of adolescent orphans to HIV/AIDS in Northern Malawi. Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers, 39(1): 128-139.

Gorey, K. M., Haji-Jama, S., Bartfay. E., Luginaah. I. N., Wright, F. C. and Kanjeekal S. M. (2014) Lack of access to chemotherapy for colon cancer: Multiplicative disadvantage of being poor, inadequately insured and African American. BMC Health Services Research, 14: 133.

Dixon, J., Tenkorang, E.Y., Luginaah, I., Kuuire, V.Z. and Boateng, G.O. (2014) National health insurance scheme enrolment and antenatal care among women in Ghana: is there any relationship? Tropical Medicine and International Health, 19 (1) 98-106.

Edumadze, J. E., Tenkorang, E. Y., Armah F. A., Luginaah, I., Edumadze, G. E. (2013) The electronic waste mess in Ghana: awareness and pro-environmental behaviour among university students. Applied Environmental Education & Communication, 12(4): 224-234.

Kuuire, V., Mkandawire, P., Arku, G. and Luginaah, I. (2013) Abandoning' farms in search of food: Food remittance and household food security in Ghana. African Geographical Review, 32(2): 125-139.

Armah, F.A., Luginaah, I.N., Odoi, J.O. (2013) Artisanal small-scale gold mining and mercury pollution in Ghana: A critical examination of a messy minerals and gold mining policy debate. Journal of Environmental Studies and Sciences, 3(4): 381-390.

Dixon, J., Tenkorang, E.Y. and Luginaah, I. (2013) Ghana’s National Health Insurance Scheme: A National Level Investigation of Member Perception of Service Provision. Revisions: BMC International Health & Human Rights, 13:35.

Oiamo, T. H. and Luginaah, I. N. (2013) Extricating sex and gender in air pollution research: a community-based study on cardinal symptoms of exposure. International Journal of Environmental Research & Public Health, 10: 3801-3817.

Gorey, K.M., Luginaah, I. N., Holowaty, E. J., Zou, G., Hamm, C., and Balagurusamy, M. K. (2013) Mediation of the Effects of Living in Extremely Poor Neighborhoods by Health Insurance: Breast Cancer Care and Survival in California, 1996 to 2011. International Journal for Equity in Health, 12, 6.

Mkandawire, P., Luginaah, I., Dixon, J., Armah, F. A. and Arku, G. (2013) Circumcision Status and time to first sex among never-married young men in Malawi: Evidence from the Demographic and Health Survey. AIDS and Behavior, 17: 2123-2135.

Haji-Jama, S., Gorey, K. M., Luginaah, I. N., Balagurusamy, M. K. and Hamm, C. (2013). Health Insurance Mediation of the Mexican American Non-Hispanic White Disparity on Early Breast Cancer Diagnosis. SpringerPlus, 2: 285

Mkandawire, P., Richmond, C., Dixon, J., Luginaah, I. and Tobias, J. (2013). Hepatitis B in Ghana’s Upper West Region: A Hidden Disease In Need of National Policy Attention. Health & Place, 23: 89–96.

Tobias, J., Richmond, C. and Luginaah, I. (2013) CBPR With Anishinabe Communities: Producing Respectful and Reciprocal Research. Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics, 8(2):129-140.

Armah, F.A., Luginaah, I.N., Taabazuing, J. and Odoi, J. O. (2013) 'Artisanal Gold Mining and Surface Water Pollution in Ghana: Have the Foreign Invaders Come to Stay' Environmental Justice 6(3): 94-102

Atari, O., Luginaah, I., Gorey, K., Xu, I. and Fung, K. (2013) 'Associations between self-reported odour annoyance and volatile organic compounds in "Chemical Valley", Sarnia, Ontario' Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 185(6): 4537-4539

Obiri, S., Cobbinah, S.J., Armah, F.A. and Luginaah, I. (2013) 'Assessment of Cancer and Non-Cancer Health Risks from Exposure to PAHs in Street Dust in the Tamale Metropolis, Ghana' Journal of Environmental Science and Health: Part A 48(4): 408-416

Mkandawire, P., Tenkorang, E. and Luginaah, I. (2013) 'Orphanhood and Time to First Sex Among Adolescents in Northern Malawi' AIDS & Behaviour 17(3): 939-950.

Oiamo, T. H., Luginaah, I. N., Buzzelli, M., Tang, K., Xu, X., Brook, J. and Johnson, M. (2012) 'Assessing the Spatial Distribution of Nitrogen Dioxide in London, Ontario' Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association 62(11): 1335-1345

Taabazuing, J., Armah, F., Dixon, J. and Luginaah, I. (2012) The relationship between traditional authorities and decentralized structures in Ghana: Conflicting roles or a struggle for power and legitimacy. International Journal of Development and Conflict, 2(3).

Brophy, J.T., Keith, M.M., Watterson, A., Park, R., Gilbertson, M., Maticka-Tyndale, E., Beck, M., Abu-Zahra, H., Schneider, K., Reinhartz, A., DeMatteo, R., and Luginaah, I. (2012) 'Breast cancer risk in relation to occupations with exposure to carcinogens and endocrine disruptors: a Canadian case-control study' Environmental Health 11: 87

Armah, F. A., Luginaah, I. and Ason, B. (2012) 'Water Quality Index of the Tarkwa Goldmining Area in Ghana' Journal of Transdisciplinary Environmental Studies 11(2): 1-14

Gorey, K.M., Luginaah, I.N., Holowaty, E J., Zou, G., Hamm, C., Bartfay, E., Kanjeekal, S.M., Balagurusamy, M., Sandus H-J. and Wright, F. (2012) 'Effects of Being Uninsured or Underinsured and Living in Extremely Poor Neighborhoods on Colon Cancer Care and Survival in California: Historical Cohort Analysis, 1996—2011' BMC Public Health 12: 897

Taabazuing, J., Luginaah, I.N., Djietror, G. and Otiso, K.M. (2012) 'Mining, Conflicts and Livelihood Struggles in a Dysfunctional Policy Environment: The Case of Wassa West District, Ghana' African Geographical Review 31(1): 33-49

Arku, G., Luginaah, I. and Mkandawire, P. (2012) “You Either Pay More Advance Rent or You Move”: Landlord and Tenants Dilemmas in Low-income Housing Market in Accra, Ghana. Urban Studies, 49(14): 3177-3193.

Luginaah, I.N. and Armah, F.A. (2012) 'Non-Timber Forest Products and Human Health in the Context of Environmental Change' Human Evolution/Global Ethics 27(1-3): 103-109

Luginaah, I.N., Gorey, K.M., Tang, K., Oiamo, T., Holowaty, E.J., Hamm, C. and Wright, F.A. (2012) 'Geographical Analysis of Breast Cancer Clustering in Southern Ontario: Generating Hypotheses on Environmental Influences' International Journal of Environmental Research 22(3): 232-248

Armah, F.A., Ason, B., Luginaah, I. . and Essandoh, P.K. (2012) 'Characterization of macro-benthic fauna for ecological health status of the Fosu and Benya lagoons in coastal Ghana' Journal of Ecology and Field Biology 35(4): 1-11

Arnold, R., Maticka-Tyndale, E., Tenkorang, E.Y., Holland, D., Gaspard, A., Luginaah, I. and the HP4RY Team (2012) 'Evaluation of School- and Community-Based HIV Prevention Interventions with Junior Secondary School Students in Edo State, Nigeria' African Journal of Reproductive Health 16(2): 103-125

Whaling, M., Luginaah, I., Reid, G., Hekmat, S., Thind, A., Mwanga, J. and Changalucha, J. (2012) ‘Perceptions of Probiotics for Health and Nutrition in the Context of HIV/AIDS in Mwanza, Tanzania.’ Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition 16(2): 103-125

Armah, F.A., Luginaah, I.N. and Obiri, S. (2012) 'Assessing Environmental Exposure and Health Impacts of Gold Mining in Ghana' Toxicology & Environmental Chemistry 94(4): 786-798

Armah, F., Luginaah, I., Kuitunen, M. and Mkandawire, P. (2012) 'Ecological Health Status of the Fosu Lagoon, Southern Ghana II: Environmental and Human Health Risk Assessment' Ecosystem & Ecography 2: 1

Armah, F., Kuitunen, M., Luginaah, I. and Mkandawire, P. (2012) 'Non Occupational Health Risk Assessment from Exposure to Chemical Contaminants in the Gold Mining Environment of Tarkwa, Ghana' Trends in Applied Sciences Research 7(3): 181-185 

Mkandawire, P., Luginaah, I. and Tobias, J. (2011) ‘Landscapes of economic deprivation and locally distilled liquor (kachasu): An emerging milieu of HIV/AIDS risk in urban Northern Malawi’ Environment and Planning, A. 43(10): 2384–2398

Dixon, J., Tenkorang, E. and Luginaah, I. (2011) 'Ghana’s National Health Insurance Scheme: Helping the Poor or Leaving them Behind?' Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy 29: 1102-1115

Miller, L., Xu, X., Wheeler, A., Atari, D.O., Grgicak-Mannion, A. and Luginaah, I.N. (2011) 'Spatial variability and application of ratios between BTEX in two Canadian cities' The Scientific World 11: 2536-2549

Odoi, J.O., Armah, F.A., Luginaah, I. (2011) 'Assessment of spatial variability of heavy metals in soils under the influence of soap and detergent waste water discharge' International Journal of Research and Reviews in Applied Sciences 9(2): 322-329

Oiamo, T. H., Luginaah, I. N., Atari, D. O. and Gorey, M. K. (2011) ‘Air pollution and general practitioner access and utilization: A population based study in Sarnia, ‘Chemical Valley,’ Ontario.’ Environmental Health, 10: 71

Gorey, K. M., Luginaah, I. N., Bartfay, E., Fung, K. Y., Holowaty, E. J., Wright, F., Hamm, C. and Kanjeekal, S. M. (2011) Effects of Socioeconomic Status on Colon Cancer Treatment Accessibility and Survival in Toronto, Ontario, and San Francisco, California, 1996-2006. American Journal of Public Health, 101: 112-119.

Arku, G., Luginaah, I. N., Mkandawire, P., Baiden, P. and Asiedu, A. B. (2011) ‘Housing and Health in three Contrasting Neighbourhoods in Accra, Ghana.’ Social Science and Medicine, 72: 1864-1872

Gorey, K. M., Luginaah, I. N., Hamm, C., Balagurusamy, M., & Holowaty, E. J. (2011) ‘Physician supplies and breast cancer care in Ontario and California, 1998 to 2006.’ Canadian Journal of Rural Medicine, 16(2): 47-54

Gorey, K. M., Luginaah, I. N., Bartfay, E., Fung, K. Y., Holowaty, E. J., Wright, F. C., Hamm, C., Kanjeekal, S. M. & Balagurusamy, M. (2011) ‘Association of physician supply with breast cancer survival in Ontario.’ Digestive Diseases and Sciences, 56: 523-531

Baiden, P., Arku, G., Luginaah, I. and Asiedu, A. B. (2011) ‘An Assessment of Residents' Housing Satisfaction and Coping in Accra, Ghana.’ Journal of Public Health, 19(1): 29-37

Atari, O., Luginaah, I. and Baxter, J. (2011) “This is the mess that we are living in”: Residents everyday life experiences of living in a stigmatized community.’ GeoJournal, 76: 483-500

Mkandawire, P., Luginaah, I. and Bezner-Kerr, R. (2010) ‘Deadly Divide: Malawi's Policy Debate on HIV/AIDS and Condoms.’ Policy Sciences, 44(1): 81-102

Gorey, K. M., Fung, K. Y., Luginaah, I. N., Holowaty, E. J. and Hamm, C. (2010) ‘Income and Long-Term Breast Cancer Survival: Comparisons of Vulnerable Urban Places in Ontario and California.’ The Breast Journal, 16: 416-419

Luginaah, I. Arku, G. and Baiden, P. (2010) ‘Housing and Health in Ghana: The Psychosocial Health Impacts of Renting a Home.’ International Journal of Environmental Research & Public Health, 7: 525-545

Gorey, K. M., Luginaah, I. N., Hamm, C., Fung, K. Y. and Holowaty, E. J. (2010) ‘Breast Cancer Care in the United States and Canada: Ecological Comparisons of Relatively Impoverished and Affluent Urban Neighborhoods.’ Health & Place 16: 156–163

Smith, K., Luginaah, I. and Lockridge, A. (2010) ‘‘Contaminated’ Therapeutic Landscape: The Case of the Aamjiwnaang First Nation in Ontario, Canada.’ Geography Research Forum, 30: 83-102

Tomkpins, J. W., Luginaah, I. N., Booth, G. L. and Harris, S. B. (2010) ‘The Geography of Diabetes in London, Canada: The Need for Local Level Policy for Prevention and Management.’ International Journal of Environmental Research & Public Health, 7: 2407-2422

Luginaah, I., Smith, K. and Lockridge, A. (2010) ‘Surrounded by Chemical Valley and “Living in a Bubble”: Health Impacts and Coping Strategies of the Aamjiwnaang First Nation, Ontario.’ Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, 53(3): 353-370

Gorey, K. M., Luginaah, I. N., Fung, K. Y., Bartfay, E., Hamm, C., Wright, F. C., Balagurusamy, M., & Holowaty, E. J. (2010) ‘Association of physician supply with breast cancer survival in Ontario.’ Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine, 23(1): 104-108

Atari, O., Luginaah, I. and Fung, K. (2009) ‘The Relationship between Odour Annoyance Scores and Modelled Ambient Air Pollution in Sarnia, “Chemical Valley”, Ontario.’ International Journal of Environmental Research & Public Health, 6: 2655-2675

Gorey, K. M., Luginaah, I. N., Holowaty, E. J., Fung, K. Y., and Hamm, C. (2009) ‘Wait times for initial surgical and adjuvant treatment of breast cancer in Canada and the United States: Evidence of greater socioeconomic inequity in America.’ Clinical and Investigative Medicine, 32 (3): E239-E249

Atari, O.and Luginaah, I. (2009) ‘Assessing the distribution of volatile organic compounds using land use regression in Sarnia, "Chemical Valley", Ontario, Canada.’ Environmental Health 8: 16

Gorey, K. M., Luginaah, I. N., Holowaty, E. J., Fung, K. Y. and Hamm, C. (2009) 'Association of Physician Supplies with Breast Cancer Stage at Diagnosis and Survival in Ontario, 1988 to 2006' Cancer 115: 3563-3570

Luginaah, I. N. (2009) 'Health Geography in Canada: Where are we headed?' The Canadian Geographer 53(1): 89-97

Miller, L., Xu, X. and Luginaah, I. (2009) 'Spatial Variability of VOC Concentrations in Sarnia, Ontario, Canada' Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health, Part A 72: 1-15

An, L., Nkurunziza, S., Fung, K. Y., Krewski, D. and Luginaah, I. (2009) 'Shrinkage Estimation in General Linear Models' Computational Statistics & Data Analysis 53(7): 2537-2549

Gorey, K. M., Luginaah, I. N., Holowaty, E. J., Fung, K.Y. and Hamm, C. (2009) 'Breast cancer survival in Ontario and California, 1998 to 2006: Socioeconomic inequality remains much greater in America' Annals of Epidemiology 19: 121-124

Gorey, K.M., Luginaah, I.N., Schwartz, K.L., Fung, K.Y., Balagurusamy, M., Bartfay, E., Wright, F.C., Anucha, U. and Parsons R.R. (2009) 'Increased racial group breast cancer care and survival differentials in America: Historical evidence consistent with a health insurance hypothesis, 1975 to 2001' Breast Cancer Research Treatment 113: 595-600

Atari, O., Luginaah, I., Xu, I. and Fung, K. (2008) 'Spatial Variability of Ambient Nitrogen Dioxide and Sulphur Dioxide in Sarnia, “Chemical Valley”, Ontario, Canada' Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health, Part A 71: 1572-1581

Luginaah, I.N. (2008) 'Local Gin (Akpeteshie) and HIV/AIDS in the Upper West Region of Ghana: The need for preventive health policy' Health & Place, 14: 804-814

Gorey, K.M., Fung, K.Y., Luginaah, I.N., Bartfay, E., Hamm, C., Wright, F.C., Balagurusamy, M., Mohammad, A., Holowaty, E. and Tang, K.X. (2008) 'Cancer survival in Ontario, 1986 to 2003: Evidence of equitable advances across most diverse urban and rural places' Canadian Journal of Public Health, 99(1): 12-16

Chapters in Books

Luginaah, I.N., Oiamo, T., Armah, F.A. (2013) 'Environmental Health Geography' in The Wiley-Blackwell Encylopedia of Health, Illness, Behavior, and Society.

Luginaah, I.N., Weis, T., Galaa, S., Nkrumah, M.K., Bezner-Kerr, R. and Bagah, D. (2009) 'Environment, Migration, and Food Security in the Upper West Region of Ghana' in Environment and Health in Sub-Saharan Africa: Managing an Emerging Crisis ed I.N. Luginaah and E.K. Yanful (Springer: Netherlands) 25-38

Supervised Graduate Students and Theses Titles

PhD Students Year Title
R. Antabe
(co-supervised)
Current Health Geography
K. Atuoye Current Large-scale Land Acquisitionsin Tazania: Qualifying the Food Security and Human Health Impacts
M. Kansanga Current Environment and health
S. Mason Current Emerging Views of the Rural Landscape in Ontario: A Case Study of the Siting of a Regional Biosolid Processing Facility in Southgate Township
L. Osei
(joint-supervised)
Current Poverty, Unemployment, and Youth Empowerment in Africa Mining Communities: The Case of Ghana
S. Vercillo
(joint-supervised)
Current Gender, Agriculture, Food, Ghana
E. Andoniou 2016 Probiotic Yoghourt for Health, Nurtition and Women's Empowerment in Kenya: A Community-based Approach
M. Ung 2016 Assessing Climate Change Adaptationand Health in Coastal Cambodia
F. Armah 2015 Environment and human health risk assessment in Tanzania
V. Kuuire
(joint-supervised)
2015 Impacts of Transnational Activities on Immigrant Integration: A look at Transnational Activities and Housing Consumption Patterns in Canada
J. Tobias
(joint-supervised)
2015 "We are the Land": Researching Environmental Repossession with Anishinaabe Elders
T. Oiamo
(joint-supervised)
2014 Environment and Health Impacts in the Vicinity of Major Traffic Pollution: A Comparison of Relocates and Non-Relocates
J. Dixon 2014 The Impact of Ghana National Health Insurance Scheme in the Upper West Region: Helping the Poor or Leaving them Behind
P. Mkandawire 2011 Vulnerability of Adolescent Orphans in HIV Infection in Malawi
O. Atari 2009 Community Health Study in Sarnia, Chemical Valley, Ontario
MA Students Year Title
F. Anfaara Current Health Geography
J. Baada Current A gendered perspective on the lived experiences of migrant women farmers in the Brong-Ahafo region of Ghana
J. Braimah Current CHPS and Maternal Health in U/WR
R. Ragetlie Current Health Geography
C. Thayer Current Exploring women's perceptions and experiences of 'home' as a place of birth in London, Ontario
J. Were
(co-supervised)
Current Adolescent Health
R. Antabe
(co-supervised)
2016 Environment and Health Perceptions in the Vicinity of Surface Mining Concessions in the Upper Weat Region of Ghana
K. Atuoye 2015 Relationship between Household Food Insecurity and Health in the Upper West Region of Ghana
E. Eyles 2015 An economic and locational analysis of probiotic yogurt kitchens in Mwanza, Tanzania
J. Kangmennaang 2015 Impact of Agroecology Adoption, Migration and Remittance Receipt on Household Welfare
G. Tuyisenge 2015 Mothers’ Perceptions and Experiences of Accessing Maternal Health Care : Exploring the Role of Community Health Workers and Continuing Professional Development in Rwanda
A. Rishworth 2014 Women's navigation of reproductive care in the context of Ghana's National Health
V. Kuuire
(co-supervised)
2011 Food Security Situation of Migrant Farmers in the Brong Ahafo Region of Ghana
J. Tobias
(co-supervised)
2010 Embodied political ecologies of health: Examining the relationship between alcohol misuse and hepatitis in the Upper West Region of Ghana
R. Wasley 2009 HIV/AIDS Epidemic in Ukraine: Examining the Attitudes and Perceptions of State Orphans in Internaty
J. Howson 2009 Socioeconomic determinants of health and diabetes mellitus: Understanding relationships at the neighbourhood level in London, Canada
M. Whaling 2008 Assessing community perceptions of the likely impact of a probiotic yogurt project on community relations and health in Mahina District, Mwanza Tanzania
B. Curry 2008 Geographies of Infant Feeding Decisions
K. Smith 2006 Contaminated Therapeutic Landscape: Perceptions of the Aamjiwnaang First Nations
T. Landry 2004 Community strategies for HIV/AIDS care and support in Nyanza, Kenya (University of Windsor)
MSc Students Year Title
J. Tjhin Current A Geographical Analysis of Breast Cancer in Southern Ontario
H. Woods 2016 The Contribution of Community-based Health Planning and Services (CHPS) to Community Sustainability and Health in the Upper West Region of Ghana
F. Mambulu
(joint-supervised)
2014 Agricultural Interventions as a Means to Food Security: Experiences of HIV/AIDS affected Household
S. Mason 2013 Upgrade from Master's Program to PhD Program
E. Chilanga
(co-supervised)
2013 Assessing the Impact of Nutrition Education on Gender Roles and Child Care in Northern Malawi
T. Oiamo 2011 Upgrade from Master's Program to PhD Program
J. Tobias
(co-supervised)
2010 Embodied political ecologies of health: Examining the relationship between alcohol misuse and hepatitis in the Upper West Region of Ghana
E. Andoniou 2007 Predictors of sexual behaviour change among men in the context of the HIV/AIDS pandemic in Nigeria
A. Khurshid 2007 Perceived health effects of a Chemical Valley: a perusal of Sarnia, Ontario
C. Wills 2003 Association of ambient air pollution levels with respiratory hospitalization in Windsor, Ontario
University of Windsor
Y. Li 2002 Association between variations in newborn length of stay and readmission rate in the 49 counties of Ontario
University of Windsor

Teaching

GEO 3431 - Geography of Health and Health Care
GEO 9107 - Evnironment and Health
GEO 9300 - Advanced Studies in Environment, Development & Health