Western University GeographyWestern Social Science

2000 level Courses

Second Year Courses are broadly divided into Regional (20xx), General (21xx) and Program (22xx-29xx) courses. The Program Courses are further subdivided by discipline as follows

Late Entry Options

Two second year courses: 2131A/B (The Natural Environment) or 2153A/B (Environment, Economy and Society) can be used for late entry into Geography Programs, to avoid having to take additional first year courses.

2010A/B Geography of Canada

An overview of the regional geography of Canada. Topics considered may include demographics, culture, the economy, resources and environmental issues.

Extra Information: 3 lecture hours, 0.5 course.

2011A/B Ontario and the Great Lakes

A detailed examination of the province as part of the Great Lakes region, with special reference to its historical development, natural resources and patterns of human and economic activity.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 0.5 course.

2030A Africa South of the Sahara

Geography 2030A/B - Africa South of the Sahara This course provides an introduction to the geography of Africa south of the Sahara. The course will take a systematic approach. Economic, political, social and environmental issues will be examined with a focus on contemporary patterns of change within the context of the global economy.

Extra Information: 2 hours, 0.5 course.

2041A/B Geography of China

This course adopts a geographic approach to understanding contemporary China. It examines how transformations of China’s land, people, economy, and society are recasting internal regional divisions and repositioning China in a rapidly changing world.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 0.5 course.

2060B World Cities

A global perspective on urbanism. In each session a selected city is used to emphasize a particular urban problem, urban spatial structure or world region.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 0.5 course.

2090A Space Exploration

Survey of human activity in outer space, including history of spaceflight, scientific exploration, economic and military uses of space, natural resources and hazards, legal and ethical implications, and plausible future developments.

Extra Information: 3 lecture hours, 0.5 course.

2130Y Field Geography and Geology of Southwestern Ontario

A field-trip based course exploring the history and patterns of the geology, physical landscapes and resources of southwestern Ontario. Usually offered in the first half of the Fall semester; four mandatory, full day field excursions (transportation fee required) supported by a weekly lecture.

Antirequisite(s): Earth Sciences 2130Y.

Extra Information: Limited enrollment with preference given to students registered in a Major in Geography or Physical Geography; recommended to be taken in second year.

2131B The Natural Environment

An examination of the characteristics, origins and history of selected natural environments with particular reference to North America.

Antirequisite(s): Geography 1300A/B

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 1 tutorial hour, 0.5 course.

2133B Climate Change

This course examines the processes that underlie natural and human-induced climate change at global and regional scales and describes the resultant climates that have existed, those projected to occur in the future, and what impacts climate change has and will have on the physical and human environment.

Extra Information: 3 lecture hours, 0.5 course.

2143A Foundations of Geography in the World of Business

Geographical theories of local and international trade; relationships between the location of production and flows of goods, services and factors of production among countries and regions; the geographical patterns of world commerce.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 0.5 course.

2144A/B Geography of Tourism

Examination of tourism as a global, national and local phenomenon, with economic, social, and environmental impacts; emphasis on tourism in developing countries; hosts, guests, and tourism operators; tourism trends; mass versus alternative tourism; relationship between ‘ecotourism’ and nature protection.

Antirequisite(s): The former Geography 358F/G.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 1 tutorial hour, 0.5 course.

2152F/G Geography of Hazards

A survey of the methods and models used to understand human responses to hazards. The course reviews the rich tradition of hazards research in geography, particularly through the lens of social science. The course will include discussions of both so-called "natural hazards" (e.g., floods, fires, earthquakes) and "technological hazards" (e.g., nuclear technology, genetically modified organisms, terrorism, war) as examples.

Antirequisite(s): The former Geography 2152A/B

Extra Information: 3 lecture hours, 0.5 course.

2162A Planning Sustainable Cities

Principles and processes of land use planning for urban and regional development; current issues and case studies.

Antirequisite(s): Geography 3462F/G, 3461F/G

Extra Information: 3 lecture hours, 0.5 course.

2210B Introduction to Spatial Analysis

An introduction to the nature of geographical data and the application of quantitative and statistical techniques and computing systems to spatial analysis; models of spatial data, probability, distributions, hypothesis testing and correlations.

Antirequisite(s): Biology 2244A/B, Economics 2122A/B, 2222A/B, Health Sciences 3801A/B, MOS 2242A/B, Psychology 2810, 2820E, 2830A/B, 2850A/B, 2851A/B, the former 2885, Social Work 2207A/B, the former 2205, Sociology 2205A/B, Statistical Sciences 2035, 2141A/B, 2143A/B, 2244A/B, 2858A/B and the former 2122A/B (and Statistical Sciences 2037A/B if taken before Fall 2010).

Prerequisite(s): 1.0 course from Geography 1100, 1300A/B, 1400F/G, 1500F/G, 2131A/B, 2153A/B (taken after September 2012), or the former Geography 020E; or enrolment in the Major in Physical Geography or in an Honors Earth Science Program for Professional Registration.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 2 laboratory hours, 0.5 course.

2220B Geographic Information Science I

Fundamental concepts, geographic information representation and spatial data entry. Basic spatial analysis and remote sensing. Practical skills developed through use of Geographic Information Systems (GIS).

Prerequisite(s): 1.0 course from Geography 1100, 1300A/B, 1400F/G, 1500F/G, 2131A/B, 2153A/B (taken after September 2012), or the former Geography 020E; or completion of the second year of the Civil and Environmental Engineering, International Development Option; or enrollment in the Major in Physical Geography or in any Environmental Science module or in an Honors Earth Science Program for Professional Registration.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 2 laboratory hours, 0.5 course.

2230A Remote Sensing

Introduction to the principles, techniques, and geographic applications of remote sensing systems. Computer processing of remote sensing digital data. Interface of remote sensing data with geographic information systems.

Antirequisite(s): The former Geography 307a/b

Prerequisite(s): 1.0 course from Geography 1100, 1300A/B, 1400F/G, 1500F/G, 2131A/B, 2153A/B (taken after September 2012), or the former Geography 020E; or completion of the second year of the Civil and Environmental Engineering, International Development Option; or enrollment in the Major in Physical Geography or in an Honors Earth Science Program for Professional Registration.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 2 laboratory hour, 0.5 course. Limited enrollment.

2240A Introductory Cartography

Introduction to cartographic theory, map design and drafting, including practical experience with many methods of graphic representation of spatial data.

Prerequisite(s): 1.0 course from Geography 1100, 1300A/B, 1400F/G, 1500F/G, 2131A/B, 2153A/B (taken after September 2012), or the former Geography 020E; or enrollment in the Major in Physical Geography.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 2 laboratory hours, 0.5 course.

2310A Weather and Climate

Fundamentals of the physical processes underlying weather and climate; radiant energy, energy balances, clouds, atmospheric dynamics and thermodynamics; principles of the "Greenhouse Effect", mid-latitude cyclones and aspects of weather forecasting, severe weather phenomenon and atmospheric optics.

Prerequisite(s): 1.0 course from Geography 1100, 1300A/B, 1400F/G, 1500F/G, 2131A/B, 2153A/B (taken after September 2012), or the former Geography 020E; or 0.5 course from Mathematics, Applied Mathematics, Calculus, Environmental Science or Physics at 1000-1999 level; or enrollment in the Major in Physical Geography or in an Honors Earth Science Program for Professional Registration.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 2 laboratory hours, 0.5 course.

2320A Introductory Biogeography

Spatial distributions of plants and animals; evolutionary and environmental controls on distributions; impacts of human settlement.

Prerequisite(s): 1.0 course from Geography 1100, 1300A/B, 1400F/G, 1500F/G, 2131A/B, 2153A/B (taken after September 2012), or the former Geography 020E; or enrollment in the Major in Physical Geography.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 1 laboratory hour, 0.5 course.

2410B Social Geography

A geographical investigation of the links between spatial change and social processes. Selected topics will focus on the ways social relations, identities and inequalities are created and practiced over space, with examples from Canadian and international contexts.

Antirequisite(s): The former 329a/b.

Prerequisite(s): 1.0 course from Geography 1100, 1300A/B, 1400F/G, 1500F/G, 2131A/B, 2153A/B (taken after September 2012), or the former Geography 020E, or enrollment in any of the Global Culture Studies modules.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 2 laboratory hours, 0.5 course.

2411G Indigenous Environments

The consequences of physical environmental change for Indigenous communities around the globe will be examined in relation to the processes of colonialism and environmental dispossession. Topics include: identity, culture, local economies, social functioning, food security and health.

Antirequisite(s): First Nations Studies 2601F/G.

Prerequisite(s): 1.0 course from Geography 1100, 1300A/B, 1400F/G, 1500F/G, 2131A/B, 2153A/B (taken after September 2012), or the former Geography 020E, or First Nations Studies 1020E; Women's Studies 1020E, Health Sciences 1001A/B and Health Sciences 1002A/B or the former Health Sciences 1000; Sociology 1020, 1021E or enrollment in the Major in Ecosystem Health or in any of the Global Culture Studies modules, or permission from the Instructor.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 1 tutorial hours, 0.5 course.

2420A Economic Geography

The forces reshaping global economic geography; fundamentals of spatial economics; principles of locational decisions; spatial interaction; and growth of spatial economic systems are examined. Examples of these concepts are taken from a variety of countries.

Prerequisite(s): 1.0 course from Geography 1100, 1300A/B, 1400F/G, 1500F/G, 2131A/B, 2153A/B (taken after September 2012), or the former Geography 020E; Economics 1020, 1021A/B, 1022A/B; MOS 1021A/B, 1023A/B or the former MOS 1020A/B, or enrollment in any of the Globalization Studies modules.

Extra Information: 3 lecture hours, 0.5 course.

2430A Publlic Health and Environment

This course introduces students to current issues in public health and the environment. Theory, method and case study discussions focus on the important role of geography in understanding and explaining patterns of diseases, health and health care in communities, regions and nations.

Prerequisite(s): 1.0 course from Geography 1100, 1300A/B, 1400F/G, 1500F/G, 2131A/B, 2153A/B (taken after September 2012), or the former Geography 020E; Health Sciences 1001A/B and Health Sciences 1002A/B; or the former Health Sciences 1000; Sociology 1020, 1021E or enrollment in the Major in Ecosystem Health or in any of the Global Development Studies modules, or permission of the instructor.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 1 tutorial hour, 0.5 course.

2460G Introduction to Urban Development

Growth, structure and morphology in industrial and post-industrial cities; theories of, and empirical research on, urban form and structure; land development decision making; development feasibility modelling; urban land-use policy.

Prerequisite(s): 1.0 course from Geography 1100, 1300A/B, 1400F/G, 1500F/G, 2131A/B, 2153A/B (taken after September 2012), or the former Geography 020E or enrollment in any of the Global Development Studies or Globalization Studies modules.

Extra Information: 3 lecture hours, 0.5 course.