Western University GeographyWestern Social Science

Jason Gilliland

Professor and Director, Urban Development Program
Cross Appointment with School of Health Studies and the Department of Paediatrics

Ledgley

Contact Information

Office: Room 2431, SSC
Tel: 519 661-2111, 81239
Fax: 519 661-3750
E-mail: jgillila@uwo.ca
Personal Web page
HEAL Laboratory

Research Areas

Urban studies, health geography, children's environments, GIS

Research Interests

My professional and academic background is in architecture, urban planning, and human geography and my research can be characterized as an integration of all three disciplines. I am particularly interested in the dynamics of environmental and social change from the scale of entire cities down to the level of individual buildings and their inhabitants. My ongoing research focuses on various aspects of urban planning and development, urban design, housing, transportation, children's environments, and public health in Canadian cities. This work utilizes both qualitative and quantitative methodologies and I have a particular interest in advancing urban and health applications of geographic information systems (GIS).

Publications & Supervised Graduate Students and Theses Titles

Refereed Journals

Sarma, S., Devlin, R.A., Gilliland, J., Campbell, M.K. and Zaric, G. 2014. 'The Effect of leisure-time physical activity on obesity, diabetes, high BP and heart disease among Canadians: Evidence from 2000/01 to 2005/06.' Health Economics.

Sarma, S., Zaric, G., Campbell, M.K., and Gilliland, J. 2014. 'The Effect of Physical Activity on Adult Obesity: Evidence from the Canadian NPHS Panel.' Economics and Human Biology. 14: 1-21.

Hollands, S., Campbell, K., Gilliland, J. and Sarma, S. 2014. 'Association between neighbourhood fast-food and full-service restaurant density and BMI: A cross-sectional study of Canadian adults.' Canadian Journal of Public Health. 105 (3), e172-e178.. 14: 1-21.

Sadler, R., Gilliland, J. and Arku, G. 2014. 'Stakeholder and policy-maker perception of key issues in food systems planning and policy-making.' Journal of Hunger and Environmental Nutrition. 9(1): 1-15. 14: 1-21.

Sadler, R.C., Arku, G., and Gilliland, J. 2014. 'Local food networks as a catalyst for food policy change.' Local Environment.

Charyk-Stewart, T., Gilliland, J., and Fraser, D. 2013. 'An epidemiologic profile of pediatric concussions: Identifying urban and rural differences.' J Trauma Acute Care Surg.

Crilly, R.G., Kloseck, M., Chesworth, B., Mequanint, S., Sadowski, E., and Gilliland, J. 2013.'Comparison of hip fracture and osteoporosis medication prescription rates across Canadian provinces.' Osteoporos Int. (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23907572).

Sadler, R.C., Gilliland, J.A., and Arku, G. 2013. 'A Food Retail-Based Intervention on Food Security and Consumption.' International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 10(8): 3325-3346.

Dunae, P., Lafreniere, D., Gilliland, J, and Lutz, J. 2013. 'Urban wageworkers and their dwellings in the Pacific Northwest: A GIS case study and new epistemology.' Labour/ Le Travail. 71 (Fall/Automne).

Hollands, S., Campbell, K., Gilliland, J., and Sarma, S. 2013. 'A Spatial Analysis of the Association between Restaurant Density and BMI in Canadian Adults.' Preventive Medicine. 57(4): 258-64.

Glen, K.E., Thomas, H.M., Loebach, J.E., Gilliland, J.A., and Gobert, C. 2013. 'Fruit and vegetable consumption among urban Canadian schoolchildren living in a socioeconomically disadvantaged neighbourhood.' Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research. 74(3): 114-8.

Sadler, R., Clark, M., and Gilliland, J. 2013. 'An economic impact comparative analysis of farmers’ markets in Michigan and Ontario.' Journal of Agriculture, Food Systems, and Community Development.

Nash, D., Gilliland, J., Evers, S., Wilk, P., and Campbell, K. 2013. 'Determinants of Diet Quality in Pregnancy in a Canadian Cohort: Does Neighborhood Food Environment Play a Role?' J Nutr Educ Behav.

Stewart T.C., McClafferty K., Shkrum M., Comeau J.L., Gilliland J., and Fraser D.D. 2013. 'A comparison of injuries, crashes, and outcomes for pediatric rear occupants in traffic motor vehicle collisions.' J Trauma Acute Care Surg.

Sadler, R.C., Gilliland, J.A. and Arku, G. 2013. 'Community Development and the Influence of New Food Retail Sources on the Price and Availability of Nutritious Food.' Journal of Urban Affairs.

Gilliland, J, Rangel, C.Y., Healy, M.A., Tucker, P., Loebach, J.E., Hess, P.M., He, M., Irwin, J. and Wilk, P. 2012. 'Linking Childhood Obesity to the Built Environment: A Multi-Level Analysis of Home and School Neighbourhood.' Canadian Journal of Public Health 103(9): S15-S21.

He, M., Tucker, P., Gilliland, J., Irwin, J., Larsen, K. and Hess, P. 2012. 'The influence of local food environments on adolescents' food purchasing behaviors.' International Journal of Environmental and Public Health Research 9(4): 1458-1471.

Healy, M. and Gilliland, J. 2012. 'Quantifying the Magnitude of Environmental Exposure Misclassification When Using Imprecise Address Proxies in Public Health Research.' Spatial and Spatio-Temporal Epidemiology 3(1): 55-67.

He, M., Tucker, P., Gilliland, J., Irwin, J., Larsen, K., and Hess, P. 2012. 'Obesogenic Neighbourhoods: The Impact of Neighborhood Restaurants and Convenience Stores on Adolescents.' Food Consumption Behaviors' Public Health Nutrition 15(12): 2331-2339.

Larsen, K., Gilliland, J. and Hess, P. 2012. 'Route based analysis to capture the environmental influences on a child's mode of travel between home and school.' Annals of the Association of American Geographers 102(6): 1348-1365.

Stewart, T.C., Polgar, D., Gilliland, J., Tanner, D.A., Girotti, M.J., Parry, N., and Fraser, D.D. 2011. 'Shaken Baby Syndrome and a Triple-Dose Strategy for Its Prevention.' Journal of Trauma-Injury Infection & Critical Care. 71(6):1801-1807.

Gilliland, J., Olson, S. and Gauvreau, D. 2011. 'Did segregation increase as the city expanded? Montreal 1881-1901.' Social Science History. 35(4): 465-503.

Novak, M. and Gilliland, J. 2011. 'Form, function and fluidity of the central retail district in London, Canada: 1880-1930.' Social Science History. 35(4): 543-570.

Sadler, R., Gilliland, J. and Arku, G. 2011. 'An application of the edge effect in measuring accessibility to multiple food retailer types in Southwestern Ontario.' International Journal of Health Geographics.

Dunae, P.A., Lutz, J.S., Lafreniere, D.J. and Gilliland, J. 2011. 'Making the Inscrutable, Scrutable: Race and Space in Victoria's Chinatown, 1891' B.C. Studies 169: 51-80.

Arku, G., Kemp, J. and Gilliland, J. 2011. 'Analysis of Public Debates on Urban Growth Patterns in London, Ontario.' Local Environment 16(2): 147-163.

Forward, K., Chan, M., Stewart, T.C., Gilliland, J., Campbell, C. and Fraser, D.D. 2010. 'Injury Analyses in Rural Children: Comparison of Old-Order Anabaptists and Non-Anabaptists.' Journal of Trauma 69: 1294-1299.

Hayek, M., Arku, G. and Gilliland, J. 2010. 'Assessing London Ontario’s Brownfield Redevelopment Effort to Promote Urban Intensification.' Local Environment.

Loebach, J. and Gilliland, J. 2010. 'Child-led tours to uncover children’s perceptions and use of neighbourhood environments.' Children, Youth & Environments.

Hayek, M., Novak, M., Arku, G. and Gilliland, J. 2010. 'Mapping Industrial Legacies: Building a Spatially-Referenced Comprehensive Brownfield Database in GIS.' Planning Practice & Research.

Tanner, D.A., Kloseck, M., Crilly, R.G., Chesworth, B. and Gilliland, J. 2010. 'Hip fracture types in men and women change differently with age.' BMC Geriatrics 10:12.

Gilliland, J. and Olson, S. 2010. 'Residential segregation in the industrializing city: a closer look.' Urban Geography 31(1): 29-58.

Novak, M. and Gilliland, J. 2009. ‘Buried beneath the waves: using GIS to examine the social and physical impacts of a historical flood.' Digital Studies.

Larsen, K. and Gilliland, J. 2009. 'A farmers’ market in a food desert: what is the impact on access to healthy food?' Health & Place.

Brandon, C.A., Gill, D.P., Speechley, M., Gilliland, J. and Jones, G.R. 2009. 'Physical Activity Levels of Older Community-Dwelling Adults are Influenced by Summer Weather Variables.' Applied Physiology, Nutrition & Metabolism. 34(1): 182-190.

Larsen, K., Gilliland, J., Hess, P., Tucker, P., Irwin, J, and He, M. 2009. 'Identifying influences of physical environments and socio-demographic characteristics on a child's mode of travel to and from school.' American Journal of Public Health. 99(3): 520-526.

Tucker, P., Irwin, J.D., Gilliland, J. Larsen, K., He, M. and Hess, P. 2009. 'Environmental influences on physical activity levels in youth.' Health and Place 15(1): 357-363.

Tucker, P. Irwin, J.D., Gilliland, J. and He, M. 2008. 'Adolescents' Perspectives of Home, School and Neighbourhood Environmental Influences on Physical Activity and Dietary Behaviors.' Children, Youth and Environments. 18(2), 12-35.

Larsen, K. and Gilliland, J. 2008. 'Mapping the evolution of 'food deserts' in a Canadian city: Supermarket accessibility in London, Ontario, 1961-2005.' International Journal of Health Geographics.

Chapters in Books

Lutz, J., Dunae, P., Gilliland, J., Lafreniere, D. and Harvey, M. 2013. 'Turning Space Inside Out: Spatial History and Race in Victorian Victoria.' in Assessing the Landscape: Historical GIS Research in Canada ed J. Bonnell and M. Fortin (Calgary: University of Calgary Press).

Dunae, P.A., Lutz, J.S., Lafreniere, D.J., and Gilliland, J.A. 2012. 'Making the Inscrutable, Scrutable: Race and Space in Victoria’s Chinatown, 1891' In Mackie and Wynne, Home Truths.

Schwartzman, K., Brassard, P., Gilliland, J., Dufaux, F., Henry, K., Buckeridge, D. and Olson, S. 2012. 'Bridging the Cultures of Research.' in The Added Value of Scientific Networking ed N. Chrisman (NCE-GEOIDE).

Gilliland, J. 2012.  'Fire and urban form: destruction and reconstruction in nineteenth-century Montreal.' in Flammable Cities: Urban Conflagration and the Making of the Modern World ed G. Bankoff, U. Luebken and J. Sand (University of Wisconsin Press) 190-207.

Gilliland, J. 2010. 'The Built Environment and Obesity: Trimming Waistlines through Neighbourhood Design.' in Canadian Cities in Transition (4th Edition) ed T. Bunting, P. Filion and R. Walker (Oxford University Press).

Supervised Graduate Students and Theses Titles

PhD StudentsYearTitle
B. Button Current Children's Health
M. Healy Current Geographical analysis of children's health issues in SW Ontario
S. McCans Current Children's exposure to nature and their health & well-being
D. Rivet Current Active Transportation and the Built Environment
P. van der Werf Current Food waste reduction
E. Paddle 2016 Staged to Learn: Trees as a Restorative Amenity In and Around Schools
D. Lafreniere 2014 Reconstructing the Spatial and Temporal Patterns of Daily Life in the 19th Century City: A Historical GIS Approach
J. Loebach 2013 Neighbourhood influences on children's play
R. Sadler

(joint-supervised)

2013 Evaluating the Food System and Effective Interventions for Health and the Economy
M. Novak 2010 The evolution of retail landscapes in London, Canada, since 1850
MA StudentsYearTitle
J. Campbell
(joint-supervised)
Current Children's Health and the Built Environment. Specifically, a review of recreation facility use by grade 5 students throughout London, Ontario
S. Cappuccitti Current The impact of a smartphone nutrition intervention on the eating behaviours of adolescent population
C. DuBreck
(joint-supvervised)
Current Investigating the geographic variation in children's menu items in four North American cities
L. Taylor Current Physical Activity, Children's Health and the Built Environment
K. Wilson Current Children's Health: Active Transport
M Clark 2016 Small Food Business Incubation and Community Economic Development
M. McGregor 2016 Using a smartphone app to target food accessibility with spatial and temporal interventions
C. Mitchell 2016 Active transportation and the built environment
S. Fitzpatrick 2014 Examining Children's Perceptions and use of their Neighbourhood built Environments: A Novel Participatory Mapping Approach
L. McIntosh 2014 Examining the impact of children's exposure to and use of natural built environments on sleep
L. Richard 2014 Inactive commuting to school and children's health-related behaviours and outcomes
E. Hill 2012 Identifying the Influence of Parents' and Children's Perceptions of Their Built and Social Environments on Children's Mode of Travel to and From School
D. Lafreniere 2010 Upgrade from Masters Program to PhD Program
D. Stubbs 2010 Quantitative Analysis of Residential Morphology in SW Ontario
R. Sadler
(co-supervised)
2010 Upgrade from Masters Program to PhD Program
K. Larsen 2008 Environmental Influences on Mode of Travel to School
M. Holmes 2006  Public play spaces for youth in London, Ontario
M. Novak 2006 Fire and urban morphology: a spatial-temporal analysis of destruction and reconstruction
M. Luciani 2005 The geography of emergency food assistance
MSc StudentsYearTitle
K. Schieman Current Children's Health and their Environment's
C. Smith Current  Examining the implementaion process of a local children's physical activity program
S. Tillmann Current Nature and Children's Mental Health
T. Thayer
(joint-supervised)
2016 Understanding the Spatiality of Urban Active and Public Transportation Patterns
C. Rangel 2013 The Local Food Environment of Children in London Ontario: A Methodological Comparison
M. Maltby 2012 Case studies of personal exposure to PM25 during children's school journeys and cyclist's morning commutes in London, Ontario, Canada

Teaching

GEO 3000 - Field Methods & Practices
GEO 3461 - Land Use and Development Issues
GEO 9114 - Graduate Seminar in Urban Geography
GEO 9514 - Advanced Urban Social Geography